A stunning, white smile is always in style. While some are fortunate enough to have naturally white teeth, the majority will need to look to teeth whitening methods. There are two primary options for whitening teeth: doing it at home or visiting the dentist. To determine which method is best for individual situations, a consideration of the pros and cons of each option is important.

Do It Yourself

There are many ways to whiten teeth at home from easy concoctions with household ingredients to store-bought products. These methods will cost less than going to the dentist but may not necessarily be as effective. For example, a common teeth whitening recipe found online is a combination of baking soda and hydrogen peroxide that gets brushed on to the teeth and then rinsed away. Another option is using apple cider vinegar to gargle with or brushing in combination with baking soda. Both of these homemade solutions can take a number of weeks before showing signs of improvement, but they have been shown to remove stains and whiten teeth. As a bonus, it would cost very little to make these.

There are other products that cost more but may have more noticeable or immediate results. These products can be purchased in shops or online. One of the most popular choices is whitening strips as they are fairly affordable. The best strips are quite effective at removing stains and whitening teeth and can have lasting effects. Some cons associated with strips are increased tooth sensitivity, discomfort after use and difficulty applying strips. Another common product is teeth whitening gel which comes in a kit with trays that mold to the user's teeth. While it is easy to use, the gel is often known to cause pain and sensitivity in the teeth. A final product that is currently receiving a lot of attention is activated charcoal. This product is popular because it's all-natural, flavourless and only requires brushing the teeth with the charcoal to notice a difference. Despite its popularity, there are some warnings that the charcoal may not be a healthy for teeth. It is important to consider all aspects of a product before using it at home.

Visit the Dentist

Not everyone enjoys a trip to the dentist, but sometimes the end result is worthwhile. Whitening procedures by a dentist undoubtedly cost so much because they are the most effective and usually take the least amount of time. It can also be argued that when a procedure is performed by a professional it's actually safer and pain-free because they have access to the best products. However, there are some disadvantages to whitening procedures at the dentist. The most obvious is the cost as procedures can cost hundreds of pounds, compared to do-it-yourself methods. Furthermore, these products have a higher concentration of tooth whitening chemicals, so those patients with hyper-sensitive teeth or tooth stains that are not caused by food, wine, coffee or tobacco are not proper candidates. Lastly, patients may need to continue to use similar at-home products mentioned above so it may be better to just avoid the dentist altogether in order to save money.

When it comes to choosing which whitening method works best, it is important to consider how much effort, time and money should be invested into this endeavour.

If you have lost one or more teeth, then you could be thinking about getting dental implants to help with the problem. Those of you who have only lost one of your teeth will most likely be able to foot the cost but those needing multiple tooth replacements may have a hard time.

Implants are an excellent option for replacing missing teeth, but they don't come cheap. Even though it is expected that implant prices are going to fall in the future, you still have to pay a considerable amount of money right now while they are not quite as common and not as easy to manufacture at a lower price as they may be in the future.

A dental bridge could be something that you are considering so that you can save money instead of getting an implant. Many people have seen success by using these types of tooth replacements so you it may be a suitable option for you. Although implants are more expensive, there are various reasons dental implants are better than dental bridges.

The look and feel of tooth implants is very natural. Many times bridges can be uncomfortable and may cause your mouth to feel odd. While you may get used to the feeling of the bridge with time, an implant is just like having your original tooth back. You'll likely be far more comfortable with a dental implant.

Your tooth root will be replaced when you get a dental implant placed into your jaw. This is an excellent way to allow for jaw bone preservation. When you use dental bridges, it's likely that much of the bone will deteriorate because of the lack of a tooth root.

There are no real reasons to a pick a dental bridge over having teeth implanted except for the cost. Having implants is always going to outweigh the benefits of dental bridges when you want to replace a missing tooth, provided the cost is not too prohibitive.

If you are concerned about the implant surgery, then you may want to look into options other than teeth implants. Choosing the right periodontist for your procedure can make things much easier. Check reviews to ensure that the person you are going to is a trusted dental professional that can offer you excellent service.

Oral heath investment is crucial. If dental implants are properly taken care of it is possible that you could keep them for a lifetime. The prime candidates for this procedure are those that have good oral health and decent bone density. You should speak with a professional before you decide that you want to do.`

Maintain your pearly white teeth

Whitening treatments are a brilliant place to start in the quest for white teeth. But it’s important to understand the extra measures you would need to undertake after the procedure, in order to keep your teeth whitening crisp and beautifully white for a long time.

If you expose your teeth to drinks or foods that have the propensity to stain, you may start to see your teeth whitening fade in as little as one month after the treatment. Those who manage to refrain from certain foods, and spend a little extra time being thoughtful about how they manage their eating, drinking and dental care, can expect their teeth whitening treatment to last as long as a year before showing any signs of stains.

So, teeth whitening can be costly and arduous but it doesn’t have to be hard work to keep them looking fantastic. Here are some tips to help your treatment last and last.

Avoid food/drinks that stain

If possible, avoid consuming drinks and foods that stain altogether. These may include, tea, coffee and red wine. If you must have these, then drink through a straw to avoid the liquid making contact with your teeth. Immediately after consuming such foods or drinks, rinse your mouth out with a generous swig of fresh water, and ideally give your teeth a quick brush too.

Regular dental hygiene

Be strict with your dental hygiene routine every day. Whitening treatments are the cherry on top of a great oral care regime. Brush your teeth twice daily, floss every day to get rid of plaque, and afterwards you must rinse with an antimicrobial mouthwash to kill bacteria. When shopping, choose whitening toothpaste that you can use once or twice a week that will assist in gently removing light staining and prevent your teeth from yellowing.

Forward planning

Consider your strategy for the future. After your first treatment, it’s already time to plan for the next one, perhaps in a year’s time. Certainly if you are a smoker or enthusiastic drinker of tea and coffee, then repeating a teeth whitening treatment will be essential to you. Visit your dentist for regular appointments. The dentist or hygienist can polish surface stains when they attend to your teeth. Be sure to talk with your dentist about the full range of options in oral care to ensure you are following best practice, and that they are aware of your preferred choices. Good luck and enjoy your dazzling white teeth!


When you have suffered tooth loss there are several options that are available to achieve that perfect smile. The options are bridges, dentures and dental implants. One major concern when considering dental implants is that of the complications that can arise when you have gum disease. Many individuals wonder if they can have a dental implant when they have had gum disease. Well, the simple answer is that dental implants are possible with gum disease, but there are a number of necessary steps to go through before this can be achieved.

Dental Implants And Gum Disease

The very first thing that needs to be stressed is that dental implants cannot be considered if there is current periodontal disease (gum disease) or tooth decay in surrounding teeth. This is for a number of reasons.

A dental implant is a titanium screw that is surgically inserted into the jaw bone. Therefore, there needs to be enough healthy bone into which the screw can be inserted securely and firmly. If there is not enough bone, or if the bone is damaged in any way due to associated gum disease, then the post will ultimately fail and lead to other health problems.

If gum disease is present, then inserting a dental implant into this environment will only cause further problems. There will be a huge risk of infection around the implant that will then ultimately lead to failure and the need to remove it while the gum and bone heal.

Treatment Prior To A Dental Implant

You will need to see a periodontist who will ask you about your medical history, and will give you a full oral examination. They will assess if there is any gum recession and if there are any loose or decaying teeth. A periodontal probe will also be used to assess any periodontal pockets, as this will help to determine the level of gum disease. X-rays will also be taken to check for any bone loss. Your periodontist will then work out a treatment plan.

The Dental Implant Post Periodontal Disease

Many individuals believe that if they have had gum disease in the past then they will not qualify for a dental implant, but this is simply not true. Once you have received treatment and the teeth and gums are healthy, then the procedure for having a dental implant can go ahead. However, it is very important that once you have a dental implant, you are rigorous about your oral hygiene, aftercare and diet.

Losing teeth or several teeth is always a cause of embarrassment, not to talk of the difficulty faced when eating. However in the modern times, losing teeth need not be a cause of worry anymore. There are several ways to replace lost teeth but the best method preferred by many people would be full mouth dental implants. This procedure replaces not only the lost teeth but even the teeth root.


Implants resembling screws are placed in the jaw line where teeth are missing. The screw-like implants are given time to bond with the jaw line and act like a natural tooth root. This can take over a period of five months or more. Next, the dentist uncovers the screws. This then allows a crown to be fitted to the dental implants and thus form a base for the new teeth. The process is then left to heal for four weeks. After that, permanent crowns are made and placed on the screw like implants. Healing takes about two weeks and the teeth will look and act like real teeth.


The biggest advantage of having full dental implants is that they look like real teeth. This means that unlike other teeth replacement options, the bone does not deteriorate, making full mouth dental implants function and look like real teeth. Another advantage of full mouth dental implants is that they are durable and long lasting. With proper care and perfect placement, full mouth dental implants only need periodic dentist visits for adjustments.
Losing teeth and staying toothless for long periods destroys the bone formation of the jawline. The face can often sag because the jawline loses its firmness and stability. With full mouth dental implants, the facial structure is maintained and lets one retain their natural face shape. This can go a long way towards helping boost confidence. Some methods of teeth replacement are often embarrassing, especially if poorly measured and fitted, affecting a person’s ability to eat and talk properly. Dentures have even been known to fall out in public when one tries to do normal things like laugh, sneeze or cough.
Full mouth dental implants are better than other methods since they are permanently fixed in your mouth and require little more than regular brushing, flossing and regular dental check-ups.. They allow one to eat all their favourite foods without worrying. Finally, and possibly the best feature of full mouth dental implants is that they do not get cavities.


Crowns and dental implants are effective tooth restorative methods used in case of tooth decay or gum disease. Both methods serve as major restorative methods for teeth that are missing or have been severely damaged. They improve functionality of teeth, its cosmetic aspect and thus, one’s smile. Below we will consider each treatment and find the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Dental Implants

Dental implant is known to be a permanent solution to missing teeth. The process is surgical and involves surgical implantation into the jaw bone or within the gum line. The first visit will involve X-rays to find out if the jawbone is strong enough to support the implant. If the jawbone is not strong enough, a bone graft can be done or a subperiosteal implant (under the gum but on top of the jaw bone) will be given as an option in place of the endosteal implant (within the jaw bone).  Once it is decided which option is best, the surgery will be performed and a temporary crown will be added to the implant until the permanent one is ready to attached.
Implants simply replace roots of the teeth to make a sturdy foundation for permanent teeth. As long as you perform regular dental hygiene and attend your dentist for checkups, the implants can last for a great number of years. Implants look and function exactly like normal teeth. This means that you will be able to eat normal food without much worry or pain. It takes several visits to the dentist to be complete the process and a couple of months to fully recover and heal.


A crown is a solution when a single section of the tooth decays. Quite often, it goes hand in hand with root canal therapy. Root canal involves removal of the pulp of the tooth while the entire tooth remains intact. The tooth then becomes fragile and should be replaced with a crown. A crown is therefore only used to restore strength, shape and functionality of teeth. It is usually placed in the gum margin or in the tooth’s root to act as an anchor.
The most noticeable advantage of a crown is that its placement is easy and requires very few visits to the dentist. It partially covers the outside part of your tooth depending on previous fillings, root canals or fractures. The disadvantage with crowns is that they are not permanent. Even though some last for many years, most of them eventually need replacement.
It is difficult to compare dental implants and crowns as they serve totally different functions. If you have missing teeth or one that is badly damaged, make sure you talk to your dentist to see whether any of these restorative procedures will be right for you.


Invisible braces are a great way to get the smile you want without anyone ever knowing that you are having orthodontic work done. Probably the most well-known of these is the brand name braces Invisalign.

Are They Really Invisible?

Invisible braces are made from a plastic that is thoroughly tested to be completely safe. It is form fitted for your teeth, based on impressions and x-rays of your teeth. It fits over them perfectly in a series of custom-made aligners. These are clear plastic and are almost completely invisible.

If there is food or other buildup on the aligners, they may become more visible, but, generally, no one will even notice them because they fit so closely to your teeth. You will probably be the only person who knows you are wearing them.

How Do They Work?

Invisible braces don’t just fit over your teeth like a cover. They also move your teeth slightly over time to the perfect position. This is why tiny adjustments have to be made to the aligners every so often. You will have to visit the orthodontist every two weeks to have new aligners put on your teeth.

The new aligners will move your teeth even further, and little by little, you will have the perfect smile. For adults, these braces can do what they need to in about a year, but they will still have to wear a retainer after they take off the braces. Teenagers will have to wear invisible braces for about the same amount of time as they would braces, which can vary between one and two years.

How Do They Compare to Other Straightening Methods?

If you look at the advantages and disadvantages of invisible braces next to those of metal braces or lingual braces, you’ll see major difference. Invisible braces are the only kind that you can take off whenever you want. So if you are eating, going out on a date or just need a little break, you can take them off and then put them back on later when you are ready. With other types of braces, you are stuck with them for the entirety of the straightening process.

They are also far less visible than metal braces as well as easier to clean. Invisible braces are simply more convenient. Requiring less work and making you less self-conscious of how you look.

On the downside, they are also pretty expensive. You’ll pay about as much for invisible braces as you would for lingual braces, which is always more than the cost of metal braces. But for many people, the convenience and near-invisibility of these braces is well worth the price.

What Are Dental Veneers?

Dental veneer treatment is a technique in cosmetic dentistry where thin layers of material, usually porcelain, are attached to the front surface of the patient’s teeth in a set. These veneers give the smile an appearance of perfect tooth alignment and perfect white colour.

What is the Difference between Veneers, Inlays, Onlays and Crowns?

All these techniques use the same principles and materials. The first major difference is location. Dental veneers are added to the front side of your teeth as a thin layer which replaces the dental enamel on that side partially or wholly. Inlays and onlays are usually added on the top section of the tooth’s crown and usually involve replacing chipped parts of the tooth. Inlays are also meant to replace regular fillings, such as amalgam. Dental crowns cover the entire tooth surface.

Does the veneer treatment hurt?

The veneer treatment in most cases does not involve any living tissues and agitation of nerves. In most cases it’s only required to remove the dental enamel, and sometimes little dentin, so it should never reach the pulp, nerves and gums. However, patient experiences vary greatly and the dentist of your choice should either always apply an anaesthetic or have it set for immediate administration upon your request. Veneer treatment is done with a dental bur, and it can cause discomfort, (though not exactly pain), even when anaesthetics are administered.

Do veneers heal tooth cavities and other conditions?

A dental veneer is just a thin layer of material attached to your natural teeth. Despite materials used can be similar as those used for inlays or white fillings, veneers are primarily used for cosmetic rather than therapeutic indications.

Veneers can solve or conceal some tooth imperfections, but can’t exactly “heal” any condition. However, if properly sealed, dental veneers will guard the covered surface allowing no condition for infectious germs to get under. Note that the front surface is the least susceptible to cavity and you need to maintain good dental hygiene practices and pay a closer attention to fillings, inlays and onlays.

Are dental veneers safe?

Materials used for dental veneers and bonding these to your teeth have been widely used in dentistry for decades. These are certainly not poisonous, and are not known as allergens. Allergic reactions following veneer treatment are extremely rare.

How much does veneer treatment cost?

Composite veneers can cost anywhere from £150 to £400 per tooth. Porcelain ones, those which last more than a decade in most cases, will cost you £500 or more.

Can veneers be covered by the NHS?

It is needed to determine whether your need for veneers is just for improvement of your smile or there is a clinical need for it. Only in some small percentage of cases when veneers are needed as a means to fix certain conditions you can get them on the NHS.

The importance of oral hygiene is widely known to most of us, but many people are still oblivious of how to do it the right way. In fact, proper oral hygiene has many more considerations that washing one’s hands or hair. Here, we’ll try to resolve some of the most common mistakes.

  1. How Long to Brush: It’s ideal to brush your teeth for about two minutes. Most people don’t go as long as 120 seconds, as the procedure is often considered boring. Take it easy when brushing. Do not apply pressure to your teeth. Focus instead to proper and gentle brushing and attempt to brush some hard-to-reach areas of your mouth. Brush your tongue, gums, and sometimes the palate. Remember it’s called oral hygiene, not dental, and it’s for clear reasons. Doing things in this manner, brushing for two minutes should be fairly straightforward.
  1. A soft brush is ideal: If you have good oral hygiene, you shouldn't have any lasting stains which would require abrasion and pressure to your teeth. Most dentists today agree that soft and small-headed brushes are the best choice, and that how regularly you brush your teeth is more important. Replace your brush every 1-3 months, or whenever they show visible signs of wear. Worn-out toothbrushes are significantly less effective.
  1. The technique. Place your toothbrush at around 45 degree angle to your mouth, so it can cover tooth with the entire brush length. Note that this may vary depending of the brush you use. Make short back-and-forth movements which span for the width of the tooth. Gently move from one part of your jaw to another. Brush the front, chewing and inner surfaces of all your teeth. Remember to include the gums and tongue.
  1. The toothpaste: When you walk into a supermarket you will spot a wonderful variety of toothpastes, with huge differences in the content, purpose and price. Whenever you visit your dentist, consult with him or her which kind of toothpaste would best suit your current oral condition. Using inappropriate toothpastes may actually be harmful, so be aware of this when shopping.
  1. Dental Floss and Mouthwash: Flossing is more important than most people think. A tooth has five visible surfaces, and we mentioned three in the technique paragraph. The other two – those looking at neighbouring teeth - require flossing. It should be a daily routine. If you haven’t flossed your teeth before, it might be tough for you in the beginning, but you will acquire skill with time.
  1. Mouthwash can’t substitute brushing and flossing: The primary purpose of mouthwash is to freshen your breath as well as to disinfect and alkalise your mouth after a meal. These and similar solutions like oral rinses aren’t meant to replace your toothbrush and floss. It can help only in some situations, e.g. when you’re waiting for a connecting flight at an airport and your toothbrush is left in the checked baggage, mouthwash will be ideal. However, any time you have access to toothbrush, toothpaste and clean water you would never try to replace them.



Teeth whitening has of late become a standard procedure, with almost everyone looking for the perfect white smile. As a result, various types of whitening are now available. Here we'll look at some of the more popular treatments and the benefits of each.

In Office Teeth Whitening

This is a whitening service performed by a professional dentist. It is performed using lasers and specially designed lights. These, used together with a whitening gel are mostly applied to the front eight teeth and are a fast and relatively safe way of obtaining almost instant results. This type of whitening is an excellent starter to a more intensive home whitening program.

Over the Counter Teeth Whitening

This kind of whitening is the most popular of all, mainly because of its relative accessibility and the fact that it is cheap and affordable to many. It involves the use of whitening methods that are available from pharmacies and can be used safely without the supervision of a dentist.

These methods include whitening toothpaste, paint on whitening gels, whitening strips and whitening gel. It is, however, advisable to get professional advice if the user has a dental condition, and they can cause tooth sensitivity if not used properly.

When applying these home whitening methods, some factors should be considered. These include the type of whitening gel chosen and its side effects, the implications of using whitening strips and whitening gel trays on the general comfort, among others. These are the some of the reasons why it is important to get professional advice.

Use of Porcelain Veneers

This is an artificial method of whitening that does not directly involve the use of chemical treatment. This method involves the placement of a thin shell of porcelain over the stained tooth, for the purpose of concealing the stains and discolouration. The porcelain shells are custom made to maintain the natural look of the mouth and will serve to complement the smile, fill spaces, reshape the teeth and make minor dental adjustments.

The porcelain veneer method is, however, unresponsive to any future whitening treatment and, therefore, require frequent touch-up and maintenance. The white shade of the veneer should also match with the natural white of the teeth to ensure even coloured teeth appearance.